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城市白领普片缺乏身体锻炼

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"If the volatility of the financial market increases, measures will be taken to stabilize the market, and we must actively respond to all possibilities." We must be alert to the skyrocketing exchange rate... The Korean government intends to intervene. Every day, "a pound of vegetables, half a catty of fruit," did you do it? May 12-18, 2019 is the fifth "National Nutrition Week" in China. In order to implement the "National Nutrition Plan", the theme of this year's Nutrition Week is "reasonable diet, daily fruits and vegetables, healthy you and me". "National nutrition, comprehensive well-off" and "healthy China, nutrition first" carried out a series of activities for the slogan. So, what nutritious dry goods did this year's Nutrition Week bring to everyone?

The theme of the 2019 National Nutrition Week is: "reasonable diet, daily fruits and vegetables, healthy you and me." Meals should have vegetables, and fruits should be found every day. Specifically, it is best to eat a pound of vegetables and half a catty of fruit every day. However, many of my friends have expressed their doubts: What kinds of vegetables are included in this pound of vegetables? Does the potato count? Does the mushroom count? Does seaweed count? I heard that I want to eat half of the green leafy vegetables, which are green leafy vegetables? Does Chinese cabbage count? Does lettuce really count? What do you mean by "dark vegetables" and "light vegetables"? I often hear about the benefits of "cruciferous vegetables". What are they?

Don't worry, let's explain what types of vegetables are eaten daily, including which varieties. Nearly half of the country's people do not eat fruit. The diet structure of “heavy meat and light vegetables” is unreasonable. “According to the monitoring data of nutrition and health status of Chinese residents, the consumption of vegetables and fruits of Chinese residents is not optimistic.” Member of the Science Committee of the Chinese Nutrition Society, China CDC Liu Ailing, a researcher at the Center for Nutrition and Health, said that in recent years, the intake of vegetables by Chinese residents has generally declined, and the intake of meat has increased significantly. Nearly half of the people do not eat fruit. A long-term study between 1982 and 2012 showed that the daily per capita vegetable consumption in China continued to decline. Compared with the 316.1 g/standard person day in 1982, the vegetable consumption in 2012 decreased by 15%. At the same time, China's daily per capita fruit consumption has also been at a low level. In 2012, it was only 40.7 grams, and the ratio of urban and rural residents to the recommended dietary guidelines for residents was only 4%.

The dietary structure of “heavy meat and light vegetables” has significantly increased the incidence and mortality of people suffering from hypertension, cardiovascular disease and cancer. On April 3, an article published in the authoritative medical journal Lancet pointed out that among the top 20 countries in the world, China suffered the highest cardiovascular mortality and cancer mortality due to dietary problems. Speaking of the issue of dietary structure, we can also see the choice of "takeaway". Hungry, the chief food safety officer Wang Sanhu released the top three list of 2018 consumer favorite points at the meeting. The top three breakfasts were egg fried rice, preserved egg lean porridge, spicy burger; Meat, fish-flavored pork, and Mapo tofu ranked in the top three; while the top three in dinner were fish-flavored pork, boiled pork, and Mapo tofu. In addition, there are the top three in the nightingale list: boiled pork, stewed pork, spicy chicken leg.

Did you "shoot" when you saw this leaderboard? It is not difficult to find that in our three meals, the consumption of meat food is excessive. When animal foods are consumed too much, our daily intake of vegetables and fruits will be insufficient. In the long run, it is easy to cause changes in important nutrients in the human body. Eating too much meat will greatly increase the intake of salt and fat, and at the same time lead to a significant drop in vitamin and mineral intake. For the Chinese, the top three dietary issues that require the most attention are: too much salt, too much coarse grains and too little fruit. Yang Yuexin, chairman of the Chinese Nutrition Society, pointed out: "A reasonable diet or a balanced diet refers to a dietary structure or pattern that meets the metabolic and nutritional needs of the body and meets the needs of the body's functions. Vegetables and fruits are an important part of a reasonable diet and are located in a balanced diet pagoda. The second floor, which accounts for more than half of the daily plate."

Professor Ma Guansheng, deputy director of the Chinese Nutrition Society and director of the Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene of the School of Public Health of Peking University, put forward specific suggestions for increasing the intake of fruits and vegetables: “There should be to ensure that there are vegetables in the meal, there are fruits every day, and one person should eat enough one every day. Catching vegetables, half a catty of fruit. Chinese residents' dietary guidelines recommend that adults consume 300-500 grams of fresh vegetables a day, at least half of each meal is vegetables, and it is best to have a variety of combinations. Recommended daily intake of adults 200-350 grams of fruit, this amount is equivalent to a medium-sized apple or orange, or a bunch of berries."

How can I implement it in my life? In general, there are three principles: 1. Dark vegetables should account for half of the total vegetables. In each meal, vegetables should account for about half of the weight of all foods; a family of three should consume 1-1.5 kilograms of fresh vegetables a day, and distribute them to three meals a day; for lunch and dinner, each meal should have Two vegetable dishes. Dark vegetables contain more carotene and wholesome phytochemicals, and should be at least half of the total amount of vegetables when purchased. Studies have found that increasing the intake of cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli helps prevent cancer.

2. A family of three should consume 4-5 kg ​​of fruit a week. It is recommended that everyone eat fruit every day, and a family of three should consume 4-5 kilograms of fruit a week. In terms of selection, mango, citrus, papaya and other red and yellow fruits have higher carotenoid content; jujubes such as jujube and jujube, citrus such as orange, mandarin, orange and pomelo, and berry such as kiwi, sea buckthorn and strawberry, vitamins The C content is higher; the potassium content of banana, blackcurrant and longan is higher, which can be selected as needed.

3. Raw fruits and vegetables should be placed in a place that is visible and easy to get. In order to increase the chances of eating fruits and vegetables, it is recommended to wash the fruits and vegetables suitable for raw food in a place where you can see and see the coffee table, desk, etc., so that you can eat them at any time. Parents should lead by example and increase the intake of fruits and vegetables. Pay attention to the interest and behavior of children to eat fruits and vegetables; canteens and restaurants should provide more vegetables, fruit platters and other dishes to provide consumers with healthy choices.

Tips on Intake of Fruits and Fruits Wang Zhu, a researcher at the Center for Nutrition and Health of China CDC, mentioned that there are several principles for healthy intake of fruits and vegetables: lascivious, fraternity, hi-new and old-fashioned and tailored to local conditions. "Luxury" refers to the selection of fruits and vegetables of various colors; "Bo Ai" recommends that you choose various types of fruits and vegetables in a variety of ways; "Hi new and tired of old" is to tell everyone that seasonal and seasonal fruits and vegetables should be selected according to seasonal changes; Regional characteristics are chosen. For example, if the northerners choose carrots and the southerners choose some small greens, they will be able to achieve nutritional supplements.

In addition, Wang Zhu emphasizes that it is easier to retain the nutrients in fruits and vegetables by ingesting whole fruits and vegetables. After the fruits and vegetables are slurried, the fruits and vegetables are easily damaged by oxidation. Many people with diabetes worry that the sugar in the fruit will affect their health. In this regard, Professor Liu Yinghua of the Nutrition Department of the General Hospital of the People's Liberation Army introduced the issue of how to eat fruits by diabetics. Professor Liu Yinghua pointed out that people with diabetes can't eat fruits. When blood sugar is controlled within a certain stable range, they can eat fruits. However, it should be noted that the fruit should be eaten between meals, and you should not eat fruit immediately after eating. When blood sugar control is unstable, diabetics should use tomatoes or cucumbers instead of fruits.

Professor Yu Kang of the Clinical Nutrition Department of Peking Union Medical College Hospital is committed to healthy weight loss diet guidance, and he gave useful suggestions on the nutritional mix of weight loss people. He argues that nutrition management must begin when obesity is diagnosed. In energy control, fruits and vegetables should play a central role. At present, the daily intake of fruits and vegetables for most obese patients is obviously insufficient. "We want to emphasize the balance between eating and moving, rather than suppressing all kinds of foods. Another point worth noting is that some people who are normal weight or even underweight can easily ignore the increase in abdominal fat or visceral fat. The rise in such invisible obesity may be more challenging than the explicit obesity."

According to the "Korean National Daily" reported on May 21, South Korean Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Planning and Finance Minister Hong Nanji said on May 20 that the deepening of the US-China trade dispute will have a more serious impact on the Korean economy, and the South Korean government will be more active. Respond. On the same day, Hong Nanji held an emergency foreign economic ministers meeting in the Gwanghwamun government office building in Seoul, saying that "the US and China sides will increase tariffs on the other hundreds of billions of products, and the other party will take various retaliatory measures, etc., trade. The dispute has deepened. The impact on the Korean economy is even more serious than before." He stressed that "we will deal with all possibilities and minimize the impact."

Hong Nanji’s speech was interpreted as: Unlike the Korean government’s expectations, the recent US-China trade dispute has become increasingly serious. The exchange rate of the Korean won against the US dollar has soared to nearly 1,200 won, and the Korean financial market has also been affected. Therefore, the Korean government will be vigilant to respond. In addition, he also revealed the signal that the Korean government will intervene if the exchange rate market is excessively volatile. He said that "the price changes in financial markets such as stock prices and exchange rates have expanded. If the volatility increases due to excessive tilting, the Korean government plans to adopt appropriate stabilization measures to maintain market stability."

The United States and China are South Korea's first and second largest export destinations, accounting for 39% of South Korea's overall exports. Therefore, trade disputes between the two countries will have a serious impact on the Korean economy. In particular, considering the trade characteristics of China that exports more intermediate products to China, the reduction in China's transactions will directly lead to a decline in South Korea's exports to China. Song Yingguan, a researcher at the Korea Development Research Institute (KDI), said, "The financial situation has been greatly affected by the uneasiness caused by trade disputes. In terms of the real economy, China adopted an economic stimulus policy last year. There is no significant impact. If China's product tariffs are raised by 25%, China's gross domestic product (GDP) will gradually decrease, and the Korean economy, which is greatly affected by China's growth rate, will also be affected (negatively).

Recently, the Korea Institute of International Trade speculated that South Korea’s exports are reduced by about 870 million U.S. dollars (0.14%) or more each year because the U.S. has increased tariffs on Chinese products. The South Korean government has indicated that it will fully support export enterprises. Hong Nanji said, "We will formulate corresponding countermeasures for various industries and provide trade finance support to promote export markets and diversification of varieties and avoid export shrinkage." He said that the new support trade finance of 500 billion won, such as overseas importers special guarantees and accounts receivable, will be converted into cash as soon as possible, and expand export marketing support; in June this year will also be on consumer materials, digital trade and services And so on.

In addition, for President Trump’s decision to increase the tariff on imported cars for a maximum of 180 days, Hong Nanji said, “Which countries are not explicitly excluded. We will actively take measures to push the United States to finally exclude South Korea from tariff increases. In addition, we will study new countermeasures to strengthen the competitiveness of the automotive industry."

In addition, Hong Nanji repeatedly called on Congress to pass the additional corrections in the Congress as soon as possible. He said, "The follow-up case includes 1.1 trillion won of export and domestic demand projects, such as: expanding trade finance (2.6 trillion won) to strengthen export competitiveness, export marketing support (34.3 billion won) and expanding overseas orders ( 25 billion won), etc. We sincerely appeal to Congress: Please pass the chase as soon as possible so that the government can support export enterprises." This law protecting the rights and interests of workers has relieved many of the worries of workers when signing contracts. Under the labor contract law and related provisions, the rights and interests of both employers and employees in the industry have been legally guaranteed.

Relevant experts told the "Legal Daily" reporter that the labor contract law regulates labor relations, while labor relations are the relationship between management and management. It engages in paid labor and constitutes a relationship of rights and obligations to each other. "In real life, because of protection Due to the limitation of scope, there are still some laborers who are outside the protection of the labor contract law and cannot enjoy the legal protection they deserve. It is also a job, but it does not form a labor relationship, and it is not protected by labor law. Disputes can only be resolved through civil litigation."

The reporter learned that in the industries that are currently not protected by the Labor Contract Law, nannies, insurance salesmen, student part-time jobs, retirement re-employment and agreement contractors are particularly typical. The nanny industry belongs to atypical labor relations. According to incomplete statistics, there are about 15 million nannies in the country, accounting for more than one tenth of the total migrant workers. The reporter found through interviews that the status of signing labor contracts with the nanny industry has not been satisfactory. The dilemma faced by the nanny in the work mainly includes the failure to implement the right to vacation, the difficulty of obtaining social insurance, and the difficulty of defending rights after a dispute. Wu Fang (pseudonym) is now working as a babysitter in Beijing. The insurance is not settled. When she used to work in the factory, the factory would pay various social insurances according to regulations. “Now the mind is always empty, and there is always no guarantee.”

The head of a babysitting agency said: "Buy medical care, old-age insurance, etc., at least a few hundred yuan a month, and every time the company successfully introduces a nanny, the agency fee is only one hundred yuan, there is no money to buy insurance for the babysitter." According to industry insiders, some large domestic service companies in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and other places have tried employee management, that is, the company signed a labor contract with the nanny, so that the nanny became a company employee and the company purchased social security. "Because the employee-made nanny bid is relatively high, many employers are unwilling to ask for it because they are too expensive, and the domestic intermediary industry has a modest profit. In the end, many companies that tried employee management have given up." The industry insider told reporters.

Some legal experts told reporters that the nanny industry belongs to an atypical labor relationship, and from the employer, it is basically an individual. According to the relevant provisions of the Labor Law and the Labor Contract Law, enterprises, individual economic organizations, private non-enterprise units, and other organizations, state organs, institutions, and social organizations in China may establish labor relations with individuals. Therefore, at the legal level, the employer cannot become an employer in the sense of labor law. “This is not to say that the nanny is not protected by law. If the employer and the nanny directly negotiate, then the nanny’s rights and interests can be operated in accordance with civil law. You can file a civil lawsuit directly with the court in the case of infringement, contract breach, etc."

The insurance sales industry belongs to the agency relationship. The personnel system of the insurance marketing industry is “agent system” rather than employee system. The salesperson contacts the insurance company at one end and contacts the insured at one end. In June 2015, Xu Wisdom engaged in insurance sales through the assessment of an insurance company in Chengdu. In the meantime, Xu Zhihui obtained the insurance qualification certificate issued by the China Insurance Supervision Committee. According to the "Insurance Agency Contract" signed by the insurance company and her, she can sell the insurance company's products in the Chengdu area, and the insurance company will pay the agency fee according to the contract.

In October last year, Xu Zhihui was in conflict with the new department head, and the insurance company was relieved of her insurance agency relationship on the grounds of violating the relevant regulations. In an angry manner, Xu Zhizhi sued the insurance company to the court. Xu Zhihui believes that she signs in to the company every day and accepts the management and supervision of the company. Although nominally an agency relationship with an insurance company, it is essentially a labor relationship. Therefore, she asked the insurance company to pay compensation for twice the wages of the labor contract, illegally cancel the labor contract compensation and pay social insurance.
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